Author Topic: EM Effective Microorganisms  (Read 32665 times)

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Offline glenn kangiser

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EM Effective Microorganisms
« on: December 13, 2010, 08:10:42 AM »
I was privileged to have Dr Myo Aung Kyaw from Myanmar as my guest for 3 days last week.  He is the Secretary General of the Myanmar Rice and Paddy Traders Association, Yangon, Myanmar.  He is in charge of teaching modern improved Rice production methods and is a retired medical doctor.  He is here with the UC Davis Humphrey Fellowship program and is a teacher even in his leisure time it seems to me.  http://humphrey.ucdavis.edu/Kyaw.html

During that time he introduced EM to me.  Effective Microorganisms.  He uses them with great benefit in his own operations and teaches others during his travels.

I have been studying educational presentations he left with me and he gave me permission to use them as well as encouraging me to teach others of them.  Freely teaching others is in fact a request of the creator of the product.

I have to get to work today but there are educational materials on these sites also.

Andrew and his family are well ahead of me on this.  They have been using EM for years.

Quote
My mom has been into EMs for years. We give them to all of our animals, we drink em, clean with em... We even sell homemade EM soap: http://home-n-stead.com/soaps/index.html Good little buggies!

Dr Myo has some theories as to why it is not used more extensively here.

Quote
I am also glad to know that you are studying EM technology materials. At that night, I couldn't show you my compost piles and some of my pest repellent spray as they are stored in my another external hard disc. This technology was not well known among American gardeners. I think it might be due to some reasons:
1) American scientists do not believe on that technology as composting can also be done with natural process with naturally grown beneficial microbes. However, in EM case, the process is more faster in the reaction process.
2) The technology is originated in Japanese scientist, so that, the American scientist do not want to rely on this technology.

However, I can say that it is really useful for my farm and very environmentally friendly. No side effects and no harmful to human. It is just a concentrate of natural beneficial microbes. You can learn various application methods in the materials. Here is the website of the US: http://www.emrojapan.com/examples/global-cases/north-and-south-america/unitedstatesofamerica.html

Myo told me of his pest repellent spray - If we don't find it in the materials I will ask him the formula.  It is all organic and approved for organic use.

So to get started

http://www.emrojapan.com/examples/global-cases/north-and-south-america/unitedstatesofamerica.html

and a USA place to get it as well as more education on it.  They link back to the Japan site on some of the tech papers.



http://www.teraganix.com/default.asp

I ordered a gallon to get started exploring this new to me technology.  Looks like it is useful in nearly everything you do - animals - environment - edible - composting- gardening- and there is a lot of proof out there to support the claims.


Thanks, Myo.

« Last Edit: December 16, 2010, 03:11:36 AM by glenn kangiser »
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #1 on: December 13, 2010, 08:35:51 AM »
Thought I should copy the chicken feed recipe from my cabin topic to here.

Going through the EM notes accompanying the power point presentation.... for chickens

Green weeds salad with EM dressing for Chicken
 
Ingredients:
Green weeds      10 kg
Rice Bran      1.5 kg
Commercial Feed   2.5 kg
Water           5 L
EM         50 cc
Molasses        5 cc
5 kg of green weeds such as morning glory (or any kind of green weeds) should be chopped into small pieces (1 cm x 1 cm).
2.5 kg of commercial feed and 1.5 kg of rice bran are mixed with green weeds.
50 cc of EM and 5 cc of Molasses are put into 5 L of water, and then mix well.
Pour the liquid mixture into green weed, commercial feed, and rice bran mixture.
Serve the green weeds salad with EM dressing to chicken.

I have been wanting to make some of my own feed due to animals eating my chickens from any outside pen I put them in.
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #2 on: December 13, 2010, 08:50:20 AM »
Link to cabin topic on how Myo and the other scholars arrived at our cabin for those who have not read the story.

http://countryplans.com/smf/index.php?topic=151.msg126982#msg126982
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Offline Windpower

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #3 on: December 13, 2010, 09:38:29 AM »
Thanks Glenn

this is one thing I was looking for

Often, our ignorance is not as great as our reluctance to act on what we know.

Offline Texas Tornado

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #4 on: December 13, 2010, 01:32:01 PM »
Thought I should copy the chicken feed recipe from my cabin topic to here.

Going through the EM notes accompanying the power point presentation.... for chickens

Green weeds salad with EM dressing for Chicken
 
Ingredients:
Green weeds      10 kg
Rice Bran      1.5 kg
Commercial Feed   2.5 kg
Water           5 L
EM         50 cc
Molasses        5 cc
5 kg of green weeds such as morning glory (or any kind of green weeds) should be chopped into small pieces (1 cm x 1 cm).
2.5 kg of commercial feed and 1.5 kg of rice bran are mixed with green weeds.
50 cc of EM and 5 cc of Molasses are put into 5 L of water, and then mix well.
Pour the liquid mixture into green weed, commercial feed, and rice bran mixture.
Serve the green weeds salad with EM dressing to chicken.

I have been wanting to make some of my own feed due to animals eating my chickens from any outside pen I put them in.


Can you explain this more?

Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #5 on: December 13, 2010, 02:29:37 PM »
We used to let our chickens out into a wire covered enclosed yard to get a bit of browsing outside.  We live on a mountain at the edge of the boonies near Yosemite.  Lots more wild animals come through here than people realize.

Free ranging chickens here even in a fenced area only last one to two weeks maximum.  With three dogs running free we have been able to keep cats over 6 months most of the time.  A bear actually broke into the pen twice and killed many birds so the third night I had to shoot him.  He was in the bushes growling at us as we repaired the pen.   Last was a fox dug under the fence.  If the chickens are out I assume it is raccoons that snag them off of their roost at night.  No more outside for our chickens, unless I take time to build a super secure enclosure with buried wire to prevent digging under.

We still have the occasional skunk, wood rat or raccoon that tries to get in.  We also have bobcat families that even eat our cats if the dogs don't keep them away.  Several cougar sightings very near here even in the daytime.

Wanting to give the chickens greens plus the benefits of the EM make the above recipe look like a worthwhile option.  I want the chickens to be able to get fresh natural food besides just the Layena pellets we feed them.
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #6 on: December 13, 2010, 03:47:25 PM »
Myo told me I could share this information, so I am trying out my Windows Live Skydrive to see if it works - I made this one public.  This is one of the better EM Powerpoint Presentions I have been through so far.  EM Presentation #3

http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/3.SBC%5E_INFO%5E_2010%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #7 on: December 13, 2010, 04:13:52 PM »
Here is another one for the Environment use of EM  #10 For Environment SBC

http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/10.For%20Environment%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt

This is a new application to me - Skydrive -- I see that you also can choose to see the  notes so I would advise checking them out.  Lots of good information the presenter of the slide show would use.
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Offline Ernest T. Bass

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #8 on: December 13, 2010, 07:55:48 PM »
Bummer that you can't free range your hens.. It really does wonders for their health (for a couple days, in your case ::)). We've been very fortunate not to have those problems here, even though the coyotes are screaming nearby almost every night and we have a cougar that has been spotted several times right across the street.

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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #9 on: December 13, 2010, 08:21:34 PM »
Yup - we have both.  Hey, Andrew - can you view the above power point presentations with your Mac?  Maybe this is the way to do it.

Here is the next one of interest to us.  #6 Vegetables

http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/6.%20vegetable%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt

I haven't been through it all yet.
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #10 on: December 14, 2010, 12:19:13 PM »
This is a pretty large file - regarding "A Natural Farming System For Sustainable Agriculture In the Tropics" using EM - Philippines mostly, I think.

It looks to me like most of the methods, recipes and information are usable anywhere.  Lots of pictures- information - well written

109 megabytes   - had to load it into my Google Docs as it was too big for Skydrive.  252 pages with color pix

To big for Google to virus scan - I have already scanned it as clean when I loaded it.

Here is a link - feel free to down load it - licensed for non-commercial sharing.

https://docs.google.com/leaf?id=0B5SW-g69h3L0MjZmMmUwNDQtMDBkNy00NjBiLWI2NTYtZmU4Y2YyYjI0MWY5&hl=en



 
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #11 on: December 14, 2010, 12:47:26 PM »
The second Technology paper Myo gave me   "Enhancement of Efficiency for Effective Knowledge And
Information Sharing of FAO’s Resources Examples of South-South Cooperation Technologies"

January 2010

I didn't see EM in it but lots of info - rice - small scale  irrigation- small shallow well construction - storage of grain - (stops bug infestation on it's own done properly with whole grain, per Myo) aquaculture-    FAO

https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=explorer&chrome=true&srcid=0B5SW-g69h3L0NDIxMzM0NDMtMzAwYy00MDA0LWIwYzQtZTA1NmZjZTE1Mzg3&hl=en

232 pages but only a 6 megabyte PDF
Also downloadable


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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #12 on: December 14, 2010, 06:50:23 PM »
A note - I found rice bran pellets and rice hulls at the feed store to get started experimenting with.

Possibly there is a substitute we can find as we get going - in most areas of the world rice products are everywhere.  Not as much in the US but we do have some.  I know California and Texas have quite a bit.
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Offline Ernest T. Bass

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #13 on: December 14, 2010, 08:03:05 PM »
Yup - we have both.  Hey, Andrew - can you view the above power point presentations with your Mac? 

Yup, no problem. Thanks for putting these up for us!

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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #14 on: December 14, 2010, 08:13:49 PM »
My pleasure, Andrew.

I will try to get the rest up soon - maybe more tonight.
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #15 on: December 14, 2010, 08:38:01 PM »
OK - I am just going to get the rest of them up here so you can check them all out.  Note that there are minor translation problems in some but few.

1. Not as useful as the rest but maybe you will see something useful in it.  http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/1.Kyusei%20Nature%20Farming%202010%20Februaly%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt


2. Basic -  pretty good as is the second part  http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/2.EM%20Technology%20basic%20information%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt

2. Principles http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/2.EM%20technology-The%20principles%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt

3. previous above

4. EM related materials  http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/4.EM%20related%20Materials%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt

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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #16 on: December 14, 2010, 08:51:34 PM »
5 Rice Cultivation - I'm trying this -  http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/5.Rice%5EJCultivation.ppt%e3%80%802010Feburualy%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt

6. previous above

7.  Self Sufficient Economy - http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/7.Self%20Sufficient%20Economy-Practices%20in%20Thailand%202546%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt

8.  Healing Forest... haven't seen this one yet   http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/8.Healing%5E_Forest%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt



9. Animal Husbandry  Nor this one... http://cid-1a5c5a581bbfe620.office.live.com/view.aspx/.Documents/9.Animal%20Husbandry%20Feb%202010%20%5E5NXPowerLite%5E6.ppt

10.  previously above

That is what I have.  Hopefully they are of use to you.
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #17 on: December 14, 2010, 09:14:14 PM »
#9 was useful - not done yet but I see Bokashi can be from rice bran, wheat bran or commercial feed.  :)

Don't forget to turn notes on and review a couple times - lots of helpful info there.
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #18 on: December 14, 2010, 09:21:55 PM »
Oh -  By the way... I forgot - I have another folder of participants presentations.  I will have to check them out and get them up.
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #19 on: December 16, 2010, 09:32:13 PM »
Got my gallon of EM-1 tonight - let the fun begin....

Found the mud ball recipe for cleaning up bad water so thought I would post it here for ease of finding.

EM™ Mudballs

EM™ Mudballs are made of dried mud into which EM™ Bokashi and Activated EM•1® have been kneaded. They are used to clean up bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, and oceans where there are concentrated deposits of sludge and slime.
How to make EM™ Mudballs
Basic Materials:

    * Dirt. It is usually best to use clay-like dirt that can easily be formed into balls.
    * Activated EM•1® (AEM).
    * Molasses (At 10% the volume of the Activated EM•1®. For example, use 7 Tbs of molasses for 1 liter/quart of Activated EM•1®.)
    * EM™ Bokashi.
    * EM·X® Ceramics Powder. (In Japan, EM Super Cera® Ferment C or Terra C is used.)

How to use EM™ Mudballs

    * Use EM™ Mudballs in river bottoms and mud flats where slime has accumulated. Use one EM™ Mudball for each square meter of surface area.
    * Use EM™ Mudballs once each season until results are seen.
    * Cleaning up oceans, rivers, lakes and ponds requires the application of EM™ into the water through a variety of methods. It is recommended that Activated EM•1® also be regularly applied into the water to supplement the use of EM™ Mudballs.

Ratio of materials

    * When using dirt only: 10 parts dirt + Activated EM•1® (AEM) + EM·X® Ceramics Powder (optional).
    * When using dirt and EM™ Bokashi: 8 parts dirt to 2-4 parts EM™ Bokashi + Activated EM•1® (AEM) + EM·X®  Ceramics Powder (optional).
    * 8 parts dirt to 1-3 parts EM™Bokashi + Special EM™ Bokashi for EM™ Mudballs + Activated EM•1® (AEM) + EM·X® Ceramics Powder (optional).
    * When using dirt and mud from mud flats: 5 parts dirt to 5 parts mud flat mud + Activated EM•1® (AEM) + EM·X® Ceramics Powder (optional).
    * When using dirt and mud from mud flats and EM™ Bokashi: 9 parts dirt to 9 parts mud from mud flats + 1 part EM™ Bokashi + Activated EM•1® (AEM) + EM·X® Ceramics Powder (optional).

Note:

    * Since the water content of the dirt and mud used will vary, the amount of Activated EM•1® (AEM) will vary as well. As a general rule, though, if for instance you produce 3.5 – 4 gallons of material you will need approximately 1 liter/quart of Activated EM•1® (AEM). Always be sure to have enough Activated EM•1® (AEM) on hand in case it is needed. If you use it up, you can add extra water instead (don’t be afraid to use a lot of Activated EM•1®).
    * The amount of optional EM·X® Ceramics Powder will be between 0.5-1.0% of the total amount. For example, for 2.5 gallons of material this will equal 3.5 – 7 Tbs of EM·X® Ceramics Powder

http://www.emrojapan.com/about-em/em-products/activated-materials/howtomakeballs.html
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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #20 on: December 16, 2010, 10:16:21 PM »
Also found this

Quote
Part of EM Technology® involves making various concoctions with some of the products like EM•1® and EM® Ceramics.  There are 4 basic recipes that are made:

    * EM Bokashi

    * Activated EM

    * EM5

    * EM FPE

In this section we give you the basic recipes.  Some of the ingredients can be substituted for other ingredients such as sawdust can be used in place of bran in the Bokashi recipe.

http://www.teraganix.com/EM-Recipes-s/257.htm

which leads to this....eat it....

Fermented Foods - copied from their downloads page for educational purposes -link at end...

Fermented Organic Agave Drink (makes 1 gallon)

    * 1 cup Raw Agave (light or dark)
    * 1/2 cup EM•1®
    * 1/8 tsp EM-X Sea Salt
    * 10 drops liquid stevia
    * 116 ounces purified water

Mix all ingredients in an airtight container with a screw on lid and let ferment at room temperature for at least 5 days. The drink will continue to ferment and gas until all the agave is consumed by the microbes. Put into refrigerator to chill or drink with ice.

Fermented Organic Lemon "soda" or sparkling lemonade

    * Squeeze 1 Fresh lemon
    * Add 8 ounces water
    * use Raw Agave to sweeten to taste
    * Add 1 ounce EM•1®

Mix all ingredients in an airtight container with a screw on lid and let ferment at room temperature for at least 3-5 days. Put into refrigerator to chill or drink with ice.

Fermented Organic Honey Ginger Ale (makes 1 gallon)

    * 1 cup raw honey
    * 1/2 cup EM•1®
    * 1/8 cup grated ginger
    * 10 drops liquid stevia

EM Rejuvelac
This guide will walk you through making EM Rejuvelac, you will need: a wide mouth jar with lid, soft spring wheatberries (pastry wheat), a nylon mesh or cheese cloth and a strong rubberband, and a 35mm EM® Ceramic Pipe.

   1. Put soft wheatberries in the wide mouth jar. Cover the jar with nylon mesh,secure the mesh with rubber band.
   2. Add filtered water to fill the jar.  Allow the wheatberries to soak for 8 hours or more.
   3. Drain and rinse the berries for few times until the water come out clear.
   4. Place the jar at an angle so that water can drain completely and have good ventilation.
   5. It takes about 24 to 48 hours to sprout, rinse 2 to 3 times daily.
   6. Rinse and drain the sprout for last time.
   7. Put 35mm EM® Ceramic Pipe into sprouted wheatberry jar.
   8. Fill the jar with filtered or spring water (amount of water should be equally with amount of sprouted wheat).
   9. Cover the jar with lid and let it set for 3 to 4 days. It helps the fermentation process go faster by gently shake the jar 1 to 2 time a day.
  10. Pour this liquid off into another jar, this is the first batch of EM Rejuvelac.
  11. Refill the jar with filtered or spring water again, this time requires only 1.5 to 2 days.
  12. Pour this liquid off into another jar, this is the second batch of EM Rejuvelac.
  13. Good EM Rejuvelac taste a little tart,lemon-like flavor.

This recipe provided courtesy of Shu Chan of the Living Foods Learning Center, Columbus, New Mexico.

Kim Chee
A yummy Korean favorite with a bit of EM•1®, here is something to try that is kind of traditional. Change amount of red chili miso paste according to how hot you like it.

INGREDIENTS

    * 2 heads Napa Cabbage
    * 1 small onion
    * 4 cloves of garlic
    * 2 ounces ginger
    * 1 tablespoon EM-X® Gold Sea Salt
    * 1 teaspoon red chili miso paste
    * 1 tablespoon EM•1®
    * 1/8 cup water

INSTRUCTIONS

   1. Cut and rinse the cabbage. Sprinkle 1 teaspoon salt on cabbage and squeeze together to make it "bleed".
   2. Cut onion, garlic, and ginger and "Toss"
   3. Put into container
   4. Mix paste, remaining salt, EM•1® and water and pour over vegetables.
   5. Cover

This will start to ferment over a few days, however, you can start eating it the next day. It will last about 1 month in the fridge (if you can keep yourself from eating it all!).
Balsamic Vinaigrette:
Below are some recipes for salad dressings that are fermented with EM•1®.

INGREDIENTS

    * 2 Tbsp EM•1®
    * 2 Tbsp Raw Honey
    * 2 ounces Balsamic Vinegar
    * 6 ounces Cold Pressed Olive Oil
    * 1 sprig thyme
    * 1 sprig rosemary
    * 1 clove garlic
    * 1/4 tsp EM-X® Gold Sea Salt
    * 6-8 leaves fresh basil

INSTRUCTIONS

Mix all ingredients in an airtight container with a screw on lid and let ferment at room temperature for at least 15 days. Mixture will store at room temperature for up to 1 year.
Raw Mango Salsa:

You can make great raw salsas with freshly cut vegetables (grown with EM•1® of course), adding a little EM•1®, and letting them ferment for at least a day. Once the fermentation has started, put into a refrigerator and they will last about 3 weeks.

INGREDIENTS

    * 1 mango chopped
    * 1 medium red onion
    * 1/2 diced cucumber
    * 1 fresh tomato, diced
    * 1/2 red pepper diced
    * 1 scallion, chopped
    * 2 medium sized okra (I have been using these a lot lately!)
    * 6 green olives, diced
    * 6 sugar peas, sliced
    * 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar
    * 1 tablespoon raw honey
    * 1 tsp EM-X® Gold Sea Salt
    * 1/4 cup Extra Virgin Olive Oil
    * 2 tablespoons EM•1®

INSTRUCTIONS

Cover and allow to ferment at room temperature for at least 24 hours. Chill for a couple hours if you prefer before serving. Toss with 1/2 pound mixed salad and 1 head of romaine lettuce

http://www.teraganix.com/Raw-and-Fermented-Recipes-s/258.htm   Note - I got my EM-1 from here - arrived in 3 days -UPS grpund
"Always work from the general to the specific." J. Raabe

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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #21 on: December 16, 2010, 10:22:57 PM »
EM Bokashi recipe from Downloads....

EM•1® Bokashi is a product made of dry organic matter such as rice or wheat bran, hay, sawdust, dried leaves, etc. and fermented with EM•1® Microbial Inoculant, molasses, and water. The most common types of EM•1® Bokashi sold are rice bran or wheat bran. Rice bran is more desirable because it is loaded with several vitamins, namely vitamin E.

To make your own EM•1® Bokashi (in this recipe) you'll need a 50 pound bag of bran (or some other dried plant material), some EM•1®, molasses, and fresh water. A 50# bag of wheat bran made into bokashi costs about $22 to make (including the EM•1® Microbial Inoculant, molasses, and bran). Rice bran costs about twice as much as wheat bran. This recipe takes about 20 minutes from start to finish to make a 50-pound bag of EM•1® Bokashi. It needs to ferment for a minimum of two weeks and then is dried for long-term storage. If you choose not to make it, you can purchase it ready to use.

Where to get the ingredients

Wheat bran or rice bran can be purchased at any co-op or grain/feed supply store. A 50-pound bag of wheat bran usually costs about $15 (plus tax). The molasses can be purchased at a feed store or in any grocery store in the baking section (near the sugars). A quart of molasses is usually about $5. Blackstrap, cane, or feed molasses are what you want. Other sugars can be used, but require recipe changes to accommodate for lack of sugar and minerals and are not as stable during fermentation.
[ Download ]

Recipe for 50 Pounds of Bokashi:

If you'd like to make a smaller batch, say 10lbs, here are the amounts for that:

10lbs wheat bran

4 Tablespoons EM•1®

4 Tablespoons Molasses

10 cups water

Materials:

   1. 50 lbs wheat bran or rice bran
   2. 3/4 cup Waste Treatment or EM•1® Microbial Inoculant
   3. 3/4 cup molasses
   4. 3-4 gallons clean water
   5. large black plastic garbage bag or airtight container
   6. Something to mix the materials in or on


Procedure:

   1. Mix one gallon of the water with the molasses to dissolve the molasses. Mix in the EM•1®.
   2. Mix the liquid thoroughly into the bran
   3. Squeeze some of the bran into a ball. If it holds shape and no extra liquid comes out, it is the correct moisture. Put into bag or container. If it is too dry, add more water and mix.
   4. If using the bag, tie the bag tightly, squeezing out excess air. If using a container, press down mixture and cover container tightly.
   5. Place mixture somewhere warm and out of the way. Let it ferment for a minimum of two weeks. Longer is fine.
   6. When fermentation is complete, you may notice some white mold on/in the bokashi. This is good. Black or green mold means some air got into the container or it was too moist and is undesireable. You can use the material as is without drying, stored in a closed container, for up to 2 weeks, or dry for long-term storage.
   7. Keep airtight during storage, whether dry or wet.


from here   http://www.teraganix.com/EM-Bokashi-Recipe-s/262.htm
"Always work from the general to the specific." J. Raabe

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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #22 on: December 16, 2010, 10:44:11 PM »
A note from Myo in an e-mail to Sassy. 

Quote
I am happy to hear about using EM technology. It is important to know some technical consideration before making Super Bokashi for animal feed. For example, if you make an EM instant solution, please do not use chlorinated water, just use drinking (bottle) water and clean containers. A gallon of EM can be made large volume of instant solution to make varieties of application.

Kind regards,

Myo

It was applicable here so I wanted to add it to our collection of information.
"Always work from the general to the specific." J. Raabe

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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #23 on: December 18, 2010, 09:58:44 PM »
Eager to get started with the EM-1, I made a batch of the Sparkling Lemonade tonight.  I had to substitute Organic Agave Syrup for the fresh Agave and store bought lemon juice for squeezed lemon but I think it should work.  3 to 5 days fermenting, then chill and drink... I put it in a 2 liter soda bottle and screwed the lid on tight...... I hope it doesn't mess with my natural gas bacteria... [waiting]
"Always work from the general to the specific." J. Raabe

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Offline glenn kangiser

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Re: EM Effective Microorganisms
« Reply #24 on: December 19, 2010, 10:21:22 AM »
Most uses of EM are based on Activated EM-1 so I am copying the recipe here from the Emro website, for information purposes.

Activated EM•1®

You can propagate EM•1® by mixing it with molasses, which can be a good feed for the microorganisms in EM•1®. 1 litre of EM•1® can be made into 20 liters of Activated EM•1®. In EM•1® applications, increasing the density of beneficial microbial populations in each environment, such as in soil, water, and organic matter, is the key to achieving good results with EM•1® applications. We recommend you to frequently apply EM•1® by utilizing Activated EM•1® as Activated EM•1® can be used in the same way as the original EM•1® so that you can achieve your goal efficiently and economically.
How to make ACTIVATED EM•1® (AEM)
MATERIALS:

To prepare 20 parts of Activated EM•1®(AEM) from 1 part of EM•1® you will need:

    * An airtight plastic bottle or container or large tank *
    * Sugar Cane Molasses (blackstrap) . 5% of the total volume**
    * EM•1® . 5% of the total volume
    * Water ***

*Please wash container throughly. Please do not use a glass bottle or container to avoid rupturing the container caused by gas production during the fermentation process. From about the second day on, gas may form as a result of the fermentation process. Loosen the cap and release the gas as needed. Try to use activated EM•1® within 7 days after the pH drops below 3.8.

**Do not use molasses containing preservatives. Also, some molasses may be contaminated with undesirable microbes (i.e., mold growing on the surface). In this case you can boil the molasses before use. Use blackstrap molasses due to its high mineral content, which makes it good for activating EM•1®. But if you use other sugar sources such as white sugar, please add a mineral source such as a natural sea salt (0.05 - 0.1% of total volume).

***Rain water, well water, tap water and commercially distilled water can be used. The cleanest possible water is highly recommended. When using tap water, first dissolve the molasses in it in order to lessen the harmful effects of chlorine. Water quality is an important factor to prepare quality Activated EM•1®.

Tools to help the preparation process:

    * A funnel
    * A measuring cup and spoon
    * pH paper to check the pH level

Preparation
Case-1: Making Activated EM•1® in a 1 liter plastic bottle Add water to fill 80% of the plastic bottle

   1. Add water to fill 80% of the plastic bottle
   2. Then add 50ml(1.7oz) of molasses and 50ml(1.7oz) of EM•1® in the bottle
   3. Shake the bottle to dissolve the molasses. Top off with water
   4. Cap the bottle tightly and keep in a warm place.

Case-2: Making Activated EM•1® in a 5 gallon plastic container

   1. Add water to fill 50% of the plastic container
   2. Then add 1 liter (32 oz) of molasses and 1 liter (32 oz) of EM•1® in the bottle*
   3. Shake the container to dissolve the molasses and top off the container with warm water.
   4. Cap the container tightly and keep in a warm place

*Dissolve the molasses with warm or hot water before adding it to the container. This makes the preparation easier.
Case-3: Making Activated EM•1® in a 1,000 liter (264 gal.) tank

   1. Add water to fill 50% of the tanks
   2. Then add 50 liters (13 gallons) of molasses and 50 liters (13 gallons) of EM•1® to the tank*
   3. Add water again to fill up the tank, eliminating excess airspace.
   4. Cap the tank tightly and keep in a warm place.

* Dissolve the molasses with warm or hot water before adding it to the tank. This makes the preparation easier.

NOTE:
•EM likes warm conditions.
A suitable temperature for fermentation (propagation) of EM•1® is from 30°C to 40°C (from 86°F to 104°F). In the winter, and other times when the temperature is low, after making the Activated EM•1® (dissolving the molasses in hot water), place the EM next to a radiator, space heater, or other warm device, or even wrap it in a blanket or an insulator, in order to promote EM fermentation.

•When is Activated EM•1® ready to use?
Activated EM•1® is ready to use, 4 - 7 days after preparing it, when the pH of Activated EM•1® drops below 4.0 (ideally it has a pH between 3 - 3.5), and when it has a sweet-sour smell and has changed color from black to reddish brown. However, please note that there will be some variation in the results of the fermentation of Activated EM•1® due to factors such as; the quality of the water and molasses, the amount of EM•1® and molasses, and temperature differences (water during mixing, room temperature).

USE:
Ideally, it is best to use Activated EM•1® within a week after Activated EM•1® is ready (after the pH is below 4.0). The effective microorganisms in Activated EM•1® are very active and powerful during this period. You can use Activated EM•1® for up to one month after it is ready. However, the microbial effects of Activated EM•1® are not as great as when it is "young".
Storage
Activated EM•1® should be kept in an expandable air-tight container to keep it anaerobic. Store Activated EM•1® at room temperature 20°C to 30°C (from 68°F to 86°F). Refrigeration is not necessary. In containers that are not totally airtight, a white layer of yeast bacteria may form on the surface. Since this may lead to putrefaction, remove the layer as needed and transfer to a container that can be closed tightly. If stored Activated EM•1® has a foul smell or the pH rises above 4.0, the solution could be contaminated with undesirable microbes and should be discarded. It is fine to pour this material on a long-term compost pile.
Many Uses for Activated EM•1®:
From domestic use to Cleaning up the environment

   1. Improving soil quality for healthy plants.
   2. Eliminating foul odors.
   3. Keeping your drain clean.

EM•1® can benefit agriculture, clean the environment, and improve our life

    * EM•1® eliminates odors so, it can be used for cleaning in the home.
    * Dilute EM•1® or Activated EM•1® with water (1:500 dilution) then use it for cleaning.
    * A half cup in the washing machine can help clean the clothes.
    * The EM•1® in the water draining into your pipes will work on cleaning the sewer lines.
    * A half cup in a vaporizer will remove odors in the home (cigarettes, wet dog smell, food).
    * Clean the bathroom with it too. Have spray bottle handy and spray into the sink, shower, and toilet after each use. (1:500 dilution).

Agricultural Applications of EM•1®

One of the main uses of EM•1® in agriculture is soil improvement by applying large amounts of Activated EM•1®. Large amounts of Activated EM•1® can be prepared by utilizing a large tank. By applying large quantities of Activated EM•1® to the soil from the land preparation stage, the soil will have a strong microbial anti-oxidation condition. This will result in higher quality crops. Recently in Japan an EM•1® activation unit (see photograph) has been developed to produce large amounts of high quality Activated EM•1® with a low labor cost.
Grassroots movements to clean up riversa and oceans using activated EM•1®

In recent years the water pollution of rivers, oceans, and lakes from sewage and agrochemicals has become a major problem. In order to restore a clean environment, grassroots citizen movements have come about all over Japan to apply EM technology to cleaning the environment. These projects are setting up tanks to make Activated EM•1® near rivers and the ocean and are applying Activated EM•1® continuously to clean up sludge along shorelines to improve the local ecosystem and to improve the water quality. In Japan these EM environmental activities have been reported in newspapers and magazines worldwide.

NOTE:
Secondary Activated EM•1® cannot be made by using Activated EM•1®, because the definition of "EM" is defined as the co-existence and coupling of the 3 beneficial microorganism groups, lactic acid bacteria, phototrophic bacteria, and yeast in a solution. The balance of lactic acid bacteria, phototrophic bacteria and yeast is an important factor for the EM product. Therefore, if you make secondary Activated EM•1® from Activated EM•1®, it is no longer EM•1® as it is unbalanced and un-coupled lactic acid bacteria, phototrophic bacteria and yeast. This is true even if the solution’s pH drops below 3.5. Calling it an Activated low acid bacterial solution is more accurate. But, it cannot be called "EM•1®" or "Activated EM•1®".

http://www.emrojapan.com/about-em/em-products/activated-materials.html
"Always work from the general to the specific." J. Raabe

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