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1
Referral Links / Re: Wall Plugin for SketchUp
« Last post by Medeek on Yesterday at 06:56:12 PM »
Version 1.9.4 - 03.05.2021
- Minor adjustment to the tee intersection algorithm (tee blocking and top plate cut outs) for all wall types.

This update addresses some issues with tee intersections and walls of differing heights.  I think this latest update in an improvement over the previous algorithm however I am still open to further tuning and refinement if there is further call for it. 

As always I appreciate the constant feedback and testing being performed by the passionate and invested user base, without this valuable feedback the plugin(s) would certainly not have advanced as far as they have.
2
General Forum / Deflection concepts and related info
« Last post by Reninco on Yesterday at 12:36:26 PM »
In building a structure, we want it to be strong enough and stiff enough to resist all expected forces.
Since most building material has the capacity to flex before it breaks one must consider how to control that flexibility or deflection…the primary examination for most buildings is for deflection.


A quote from forum contributor Don_P on two key items of structural concern.
Quote
Strength is a life safety issue, it is a "must".
Deflection is a serviceability issue, it is a "may". Things like cracked drywall, opening trim, planes out of plumb, excess vibration (may occur). These are qualitative things rather than safety issues… (but are still important and need to be considered)
===
Deflection Concepts
Deflection: is the bending from the original position of an element when a load is applied.

Typical Elements of residential construction: Beams, joists, rafters and studs.
Loads can be: from its own weight but usually it is referenced as the added load.
Typical added loads: Snow, wind, people, or stuff like cows and waterbeds.
Deflection is determined by many items, key items are how load is distributed or applied to the beam or element.
Point Load

Uniform Loading

Progressive Load

Deflection will also be influenced on how the beam is supported.
This shows the beam is able to pivot across the end supports
Beam simple cow

This shows the beam is fixed by a bolted plate and not able to pivot across the end supports – it has slightly less deflection
Beam fixed ends cow

A cantilevered beam with a point load

A cantilevered beam with a progressive load, in this case the designer puts the lighter cows the furthest from the end connection…perhaps anticipating a higher stress at the connection; the designer also increased the connection plate size.

There can be many combinations of end supports, each affecting deflection; this shows a fixed and a pivot.

Deflection will also be influenced by:
     The material of the beam such as wood or steel
     The shape of the beam such as square, rectangle or I shapes
     The size of the beam - most consideration is given towards the depth (tallness) of the beam
Loads can act in any direction, for instance wind can push horizontally on a wall or upward on a roof truss or even by suction.
The deflection concept is quite old with documented concepts and pictures from DaVinci with improved concepts by Galileo as shown in his classic picture.

The more correct mathematical formula was created in the 1750s and is still used today.
Engineers by their focus of education are associated with mathematically solving beam deflection. Some builders by their focus of experience are also associated with solving beam deflection. Most oversight jurisdictions allow a “non-engineer” to calculate beams or other load bearing assemblies if the structure is under a certain size.
Before you decide about one person or another… it has been my experience that both have also made some tremendous blunders.
The picture below is not from a third world country and it was designed by “engineers”.

This one was produced by builders…perhaps for their own use.

Experience would be the deciding factor in selection of either trade.
========
How much is too much for beam deflection – wind on a bridge will create deflection…this seems quite large.

Rather than referencing a certain distance of deflection… a ratio of calculated deflection and span length is commonly used as a reference. Written a number of ways: D/L, D over L, D:L, Dead Load/Span Length (DL/L), Live Load (LL/L), Total Load (TL/L), or Delta D
For residential houses one of the key points (see opening paragraph) is to avoid cracking by reducing deflection. Items of concern are brittle finishes such as drywall joint compound, plaster, grout and masonry. Glass is another obvious item I’ll mention later. Many tests have been done in an attempt establish a standard ratio but since most structures are from many “assemblies” we assign different ratios to different assemblies. Restating: this ratio is the deflection from load in relation to the span distance. The chart below (from typical building codes) gives minimum ratios per type of assembly. I’ll discuss missing reference notes in a later post. 

As an example a hypothetical floor with:
a span of 360 inches max deflection is 1 inch
or 180 inch span max deflection is ½ inch
or a 90 inch span max deflection is ¼ inch
or a 45 inch span max deflection is 1/8 inch
More information in my next post…
3
Off Topic - Ideas, politics, humor, inspiration / Re: Humor
« Last post by Garden_Tiles on Yesterday at 02:39:49 AM »
Have faith in the Pfizer Vaccine !

Don’t forget they also invented Viagra
If they can raise the dead they can certainly save the living

 :) ;D ;D

Nice one Paul
5
General Forum / Re: OFF GRID POWER; various thoughts on...
« Last post by ChugiakTinkerer on March 04, 2021, 05:54:00 PM »
Been pretty busy from the wildfires last year. I may have missed a few happy hours here...... Hey Don!

The history of bifacial is while they are beautiful and make sense, they are prone to leaking water in the back as the seals are small to let the light in. If you buy them, make sure you can get warranty. You may need it!

Below is a link to what I use to monitor clients and make adjustments anywhere there is cell or internet. It sends me alarms/warnings if I want them.

https://photos.google.com/photo/AF1QipMAjVuFzZ3vtUp5neK25EyEO5FJa-0Cx211cYXC

Thanks Dave, good to know.

I put my 50% down yesterday, for a 24V system with four Canadian Solar 375W bifacial panels.  I'll be sure to monitor the seals and hang on tight to my warranty paperwork.
6
Owner-Builder Projects / Re: 20x30 in NE Wisconsin
« Last post by Don_P on March 04, 2021, 04:49:01 PM »
Looking good, windows and doors are a big chunk.

One thing to think about is moving that wood away from the house before the bugs start moving this spring. I've had to do pretty extensive repairs to houses where the bugs moved from the firewood into the wood of the building. I'll stack about a weeks worth at a time on the porch through the winter, the rest of the time its in the woodshed.
7
Owner-Builder Projects / Re: What the Heck Was I Thinking - a 31x42 Remod
« Last post by Reninco on March 04, 2021, 01:38:28 PM »
Contemplating exterior detail mockup with faux ridge beam.

New driveway with new base, not a blade of grass to be seen and I still have one or two thousand rocks to hide.

Most of the interior was done about this time.
Typical wood detail with a 5/4 x 6 header. Hemlock door and trim.

Window seat also has storage underneath

Bridge to loft office and “sewing station”. Glass railing is captured by door jamb (trim then slid over glass). Other side glass captured by a half-post with buttons covering the screw holes. All glass is 3/8 tempered with eased edges. Max unbraced span is 39”.

Loft bridge opposite side with glass post detail. Glass slides in groove then base trim is applied. Posts are fir to match the existing beams.

Post attached to beam detail – buttons hide screws

8
Owner-Builder Projects / Re: 20x30 in NE Wisconsin
« Last post by Nate R on March 04, 2021, 08:13:52 AM »
1/8/21
The patio door and entry door were at the vendor just before Christmas, and the windows already there too, but they could not deliver it all until after the new year. So took a day off work and met the delivery guy at the cabin. Paid an extra $275 to have them deliver them 170 miles away from their shop. This was WELL worth it, as it was all their responsibility until I had them inside.
We ordered Marvin’s Essential (all fiberglass) windows, black inside and outside, as well as the jamb extensions in black. Also a black sliding patio door from Marvin, and a ThermaTru entry door, painted black. Not cheap, but windows and doors are an important design element to us. 
Was able to split some more wood and take delivery of the windows and remaining doors. They look great, and all appeared to be there and correct!  My main windows are a bank of 3 in a 9 foot wide opening by 6 feet tall, so getting those inside was a relief.
 
The way things are going, I don’t forsee a lot of further work here until I finish re-siding my main house this year. So there might not be much to add/see until July-ish? But that was part of the agreement between my wife and I to start this project. I wanted a box up in 2020, and I got that. My goal for 2021 is to get the cabin to the point that it’s comfortable (temperature wise) to stay in for next winter. Lots to do in order to get to that point:

Frame interior walls
Air sealing details around the shell
Install skylights  (2 going in )
Install chimney and wood stove
Add soffit vent chutes
Run a bit more wiring
Insulate
Install windows (and final house wrap)
Install patio door, swap outside door with the final one
If I get that much done, I’ll start installing the final exterior parts, like window/door trim, siding, soffit, etc.


Window Example



9x6 window bank and wood stove



Eventual front door



Patio Door



Saw this little shrew, even got to pet it!



Got to see how much snow made it onto the porch.....not bad!



Also got to see how well the 2 foot overhangs kept snow off the building.



Hoping to see a chimney and windows from this view later this year....

9
General Forum / Re: OFF GRID POWER; various thoughts on...
« Last post by Dave Sparks on March 04, 2021, 06:56:11 AM »
Been pretty busy from the wildfires last year. I may have missed a few happy hours here...... Hey Don!

The history of bifacial is while they are beautiful and make sense, they are prone to leaking water in the back as the seals are small to let the light in. If you buy them, make sure you can get warranty. You may need it!

Below is a link to what I use to monitor clients and make adjustments anywhere there is cell or internet. It sends me alarms/warnings if I want them.

https://photos.google.com/photo/AF1QipMAjVuFzZ3vtUp5neK25EyEO5FJa-0Cx211cYXC
10
General Forum / Re: Tehachapi
« Last post by Dave Sparks on March 04, 2021, 06:51:40 AM »
Kern county is not bad. Go to the county website and look for the building department links for info! Good Luck!
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